İngilizce Zamanlar

                                   THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE - GENİŞ ZAMAN

1. The simple present is used to describe a present situation.
Simple Present, içinde bulunulan anı ifade etmek için kullanılabilir.

I work in Istanbul. (I work now and will work for the future).
He is a hardworking student.

2. The simple present is used to indicate habitual actions or events that regularly happens.
Simple present ile alışkanlıklar ve her gün yapılan işler ifade edilebilir. Bu tür cümlelerde genellikle sıklık zarfları (always, usually, generally etc) kullanılır.

She often goes to work late.
The child usually drink milk before going to bed.

3. The simple present is used to express general truths such as scientific fact.
Bilimsel gerçekleri ve doğruluğu kanıtlanmış genellemeleri bu tense ile ifade ederiz.

Water freezes at 0 C. (A scientific fact)
Water boils at 100 C.

4. The simple present is also used in expressions like "I think, I know, I see, etc."
Ayrıca, "I think, I believe" (sanırım, inanıyorum ki) gibi ifadeler geniş zamanda kullanılabilir.

I think you are a hardworking student. I know you're right.

5. The simple present can also be used to talk about the future..
Gelecekle ilgili veya gelecekte yapılması planlanmış durumlarda kullanılabilir veya gelecekle bağlantılı cümlelerde geniş zaman kullanabiliriz.

You'll succeed if you study harder.

I'll visit Topkapi Palace if I go to Istanbul.

The bus leaves at seven o'clock.
I have an important examination tomorrow.

 

6. The simple present tense is also used with certain verbs (like, taste, believe, sound, feel, hear, remember, weigh, smell, etc)
Şimdiki zamanda kullanılmayan "Non-Progressive Verbs" dediğimiz fiiller vardır. Bu fiiller, geniş zaman ile kullanılabilir. "Like, taste, believe, sound, feel, hear, remember, weigh, smell, love, look, seem, appear, mind, expect, suppose, realize, forget, want, dislike, prefer" gibi fiiller şimdiki zamanda kullanılmayan ancak geniş zamanda kullanılabilen Non-Progressive Fiillerdir.

 

I don't believe you.
She doesn't love me.

B. STRUCTURE

Positive Structure:

I

work

in a great factory

You

work

He

works

She

works

It

works

We

work

They

work


Negative Structure:

I

don't

 

in a great factory.

You

don't

 

He

doesn't

 

She

doesn't

work

It

doesn't

 

We

don't

 

They

don't

 


Question structure:

Do

I

 

in a great factory?

Do

You

 

Does

He

 

Does

She

work

Does

It

 

Do

We

 

Do

They

 

TO BE IN SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

I

am  

a teacher

You

are

a student

He

is

a boy

She

is

a girl

It

is

a dog

We

are

students

They

are

people

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE - Dİ'Lİ GEÇMİŞ ZAMAN

1. The Simple Past tense is used to talk about completed actions in the past:
Simple Past, geçmişte belirli bir zamanda yapılmış eylemleri ifade etmek için kullanılır. "Yesterday, last night, two weeks ago, in 2002" gibi zarflar kullanılabilir.

I graduated from the university in 2003.
He came from Berlin last night.


2. The Simple Past is used to describe situations which existed for a period of time in the past.
Geçmişte belirli bir süre içerisinde devam etmiş olayları, eylemleri anlatmak için kullanılır.

Millions of years ago, dinosaurs inhabited the earth.
They talked to each other during the lesson.
He lived in England for a long time.


3. It is also used to talk about habits in the past:
Geçmişteki alışkanlıkları ifade etmek için yine Simple Past kullanılır. I always wore a khaki cap in the summer.

He never drank tea.
They generally read several novels in the winter.


4. It is used to talk about events that happened one after the other:
Hikaye anlatırken olayları ard arda sıraladığımızda kullanırız.

He jumped out of bed, ran into the bathroom and slammed the door.

B. STRUCTURE

Positive Structure:

I

 

 

 

You

 

 

He

 

 

She

worked

 

It

 

 

We

 

 

They

 

 

Note: Use second form of Irregular verbs in positive structure of the Past Simple Tense..
(Geçmiş zaman olumlu cümlelerde, düzensiz fiillerin 2. hali kullanılır.)

Click here for Irregular Verbs Table

Negative Structure:

I

 

 

You

 

 

He

 

 

She

didn't

work

It

 

 

We

 

 

They

 

 

Question structure:

Yorum Yaz
Arkadaşların Burada !
Arkadaşların Burada !

 

I

 

 

 

You